The study of eye movements in reading has been widely investigated for more than a century to provide insights into how people gather information. Eye tracking has become an established tool to objectively measure human language processing with important applications in linguistics and education research.
Tobii Pro provides a range of eye tracking based solutions for reading and language research. All our solutions offer hardware technology and software analysis tools together with support and training.
Tobii Pro Spectrum captures gaze data at speeds up to 1200 Hz. It is our most advanced eye tracking platform designed for extensive studies into human behavior and cognitive processing, as well as the mechanics of the fastest eye movements. The system maintains high accuracy, precision, and tracking robustness during subjects' natural head movements in all directions.
Tobii Pro Fusion is a fully portable, USB connected eye tracker offered at sampling frequencies of up to 250 Hz, to support lab-standard reading experiments in schools, libraries, and other locations where participants are easier to access.
Tobii Pro Glasses 3 is our newest wearable eye tracker, for high-quality research in natural environments. It enables the study of real-world perceptions and interactions, as well as mobile device interfaces, wayfinding, etc.
Data acquired from both our wearable and screen-based solutions can be analyzed using Tobii Pro Lab, a scientific software platform that meets the demands of different research scenarios with precise timing accuracy. Pro Lab provides a visual user interface and dedicated features that guide the researcher through the entire research workflow. For example, the automatically generated AOIs at a character, word, or sentence level in the text stimulus allows for the extraction of common reading-specific metrics. Pro Lab also offers the ability to sync with other biometric data sources.
Tobii Pro eye trackers are designed to capture high-quality eye tracking data while allowing for natural head movements. However, some experiments may benefit from gently stabilizing the participant’s head position by using a chin rest to help reduce artifacts in the gaze signal which can be caused by head movements.
With the latest version of Tobii Pro Lab 1.162, users can automatically generate areas of interest (AOIs) at a character, word, or sentence level. They can then extract common reading-specific metrics that are critical for conducting text-based eye tracking research.
How reading metrics work
This detailed article aims to explain the main concepts and specific metrics in reading studies, based on the reading research solution implemented in Tobii Pro Lab. Concepts as "Progression" and "Regression", "Skip", "First-pass first fixation duration", "First-pass duration", "Regression-path duration" will be explained.
Researchers and entrepreneurs from BrainLeap and Lexplore share their eye tracking research in fields of reading and education, as well as how they applied their findings to establish themselves commercially in the EdTech space.